Photo Resource, Ocean Beach, NZ
It's a favorite of every painter and non-painting civilian alike, the majestic sunset. We each only get handed so many of them, and they don't hang around so it sure is nice to capture one in a painting and make it last a little longer.
Painting the effect of a glowing light source is in essence the same as painting the recession caused by atmosphere, called atmospheric perspective. In atmospheric perspective everythng gets more like the colour of the atmosphere as it recedes from us. If it's a clear blue sky everything gets bluer as it recedes. If it's a grey sky everything gets greyer as it recedes.
The difference between that and a glowing light or sunset effect is that everything gets warmer as it gets closer to the sun, and that happens in a radial fashion around the sun. What's the same is that everything loses contrast as it recedes, which means in effect that the highlights stay the same value but the darks get lighter and lighter in the distance.
The tricky thing about painting a sunset landscape is that you have both effects happening at once - atmospheric perspective and a glowing light source, so you've usually got a radial warmth and a linear cooling effect. How well you observe and paint that big transition from cool to warm is the great test of the sunset painting.
I've found it's made much easier if you start out by painting a big soft gradation of cool to warm as the first layer of your painting, then work into that, either wet or dry. Here's how that looks in this painting:
"Sunset Beach" 15.5 x 20" Oil on Canvas by Richard Robinson.
Artist: Karen Woodhouse
Great job, Karen! This is a tricky one for acrylics because of all the soft gradations of colour but you've managed that well. Your brushwork is gestural and well considered. I'd like to see a little gradation of warmth on the beach close to the sun, as the cool grey there is spoiling the glowing light effect currently.
Also, as the yellow light reaches the base of the mid-ground hill it is darkening abruptly at the moment into a red-brown, disturbing the light effect. A soft transition there would be more convincing. The gulls are a nice addition. Nice!
Artist: Mérie Botes
Hi Mérie, that's a lovely painting you've made with a convincing glowing light effect from warms to cools. Exciting brushwork and some beautiful shapes in there too.
I'm just thinking that the details in the foreground seem a little unfinished - being so close to the bottom of the canvas I'd like to see all the edges in that bottom inch softened and made more suggestive rather than descriptive. Its harshness is interrupting the otherwise soft feel of the painting for me. Beautiful work!
Artist: Evelyn Tuhi-Herewini
Really nice work here Evelyn. Beautiful lyrical brushwork and good drawing. The only thing I'd bring your attention to is the dark brown outline you've created around the grasses in the left foreground. Outlines tend to flatten depth in a painting, and this painting is all about depth, so it'll pay to fix this. You can remedy it simply by painting the top outline shape a touch lighter. (about 10% lighter.)
If you look at my painting and the photograph you'll see that that section is actually the hill behind the foreground grasses, and goes down to the beach, so it should be a little lighter than the darks in the foreground. When you do that you'll see that the rocks on the beach would look better a little lighter as well to separate them from the foreground. In the daytime you'll observe that the lights stay relatively the same value as they recede the distance, but the darks get progressively lighter. That's atmospheric perspective in action.
‘Sunlit beach at Perranporth’ (painted after 6 month’s break!)
Artist: Barbara Magor
Hi Barbara, thanks for your painting. Looks to me like a great start, and with some more study of the demo painting this could be improved. Don't you hate it when the teacher says 'great start'! :-)
The first thing, and the biggest, is the big hill on the right. You weren't quite sure what to do with that, possibly because that's how the hill looked in your photograph, like a big area of flat colour with barely any detail. Well you've achieved that, but now you could add some interest by introducing a big soft radial transition getting gradually lighter and more orange towards the sun. Then you could reshape the base of that hill, turning it up to the left a little, and darkening the beach with a darker grey where the hill would cast a shadow upon the sand. You could also add a few little bumps and bushes to the edge of the hill to give it more interest.
Next, you could add a similar soft orange glow in the distant hills on the right, close to the sun. To finish, add a few soft darker shadow clumps in the foreground grasses.
Then sign it, put your feet up and enjoy with a good coffee.
Artist: Peter Eckel
Great work, Peter - nice colour, brushwork and attention to detail. Really nice work in the foreground sand and grasses. I'd just caution you about repeating shapes in the rocks on the beach - see how they're clumped randomly, which is great, but the individual rocks are mostly the same size and shape and there's a diagonal string of 4 of them leading up and off to the right like good little soldiers with all the same spacing.
It's so easy to make this mistake because our brains adore a good pattern, so you need to consciously work against it with every shape and brushstroke in your painting.
Artist: Darla Calhoon
Hi Darla, wow this has got a real blaze of warmth blasting out from the sun. Nice recession back there, if a little bereft of detail. You've added yellow to all your highlights too which has added beautifully to the lighting effect. Hey just one point, see the big S-curve of the edge of the foreground sand dunes? You've over-simplified it, making it very smooth and manicured, which, yes, is more peaceful, but removes variety and interest from the painting. Think about variety when making the shapes in your paintings, both big and small.
This is one of my favorite painting spots, and a great place to slide down sand dunes. Follow me step by step as I show you the techniques I use to paint this inspiring sunset beach scene.
Painting a large glowing light effect, atmospherics and making beautiful brushwork are all demonstrated in the video. Enjoy!
Get the video lesson here: https://mypaintingclub.com/lessons/73-Sunset-Beach
Thanks to everyone who was part of the monthly workshop!
(Monthly workshops are available to all Premium Members - $20/month)